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  1. Valley fever is caused by a fungus that lives in the desert soil in the southwestern United States
  2. Dogs comprise the majority of valley fever cases in animals
  3. Approximately 6-10% of dogs living in Pima, Pinal, and Maricopa counties in Arizona will become sick with Valley Fever each year.
  4. Not all dogs who breath in the spores will become sick
    • About 70% of dogs who inhale Valley Fever spores are asymptomatic and possibly immune to the disease afterwards.
  5. As part of its life cycle, the fungus grows in the soil and dries turning into strands of cells that are inhaled.
  6. Once inhaled the spores grow and turn into endo spores. This process continues and spreads the infection in the host until the immune system surrounds and destroys it. The sickness Valley Fever occurs when the immune system does not kill the spores quick enough and they spread.
  7. There is no way to prevent valley fever
    • You cannot prevent Valley Fever but you can limit the likelihood of exposure by avoiding activities that generate dust. Such as hiking, digging, sniffing.
  8. A vaccine is under development
    • It is possible a vaccine will be available in the future to prevent Valley Fever or make it only a very mild illness.

Now that we know what Valley Fever is, how do we treat it?

Valley Fever diagnostics and treatment protocol

COCCI PROFILE (CBC, CHEMISTRY, T4, COCCI TITER)

Based on presentation and clinical signs, radiographs, and CT may be indicated. However, bloodwork tends to be important in making the diagnosis. The Valley Fever Titer is not always positive.

TRIAL OF FLUCONAZOLE

A trial of fluconazole should be considered in symptomatic patients based off of blood work results. If patient shows improvement during the trial of fluconazole, treat the patient as a Valley Fever patient regardless of titer results.

TREATMENT PLAN

After 30 days of treatment blood work will be ran to look for changes in liver values and white blood cells. These values will help us determine severity of the disease, future dosing, additional medications needed, and possible duration of treatment.

In 3-4 months, your doctor may perform recheck of the blood work and Cocci (Valley Fever) titer. Blood work will be repeated to monitor values every 4-6 months moving forward. Valley Fever treatment can range anywhere from 6 months or longer. Treatment is discontinued when there are no changes in the titer (1:4 or below) for 2 consecutive blood tests in conjunction with a normal CBC and globulins or one or two years with no symptoms. Your doctor will recommend a recheck Cocci (Valley Fever) titer 3 months after discontinuing Fluconazole, to make sure that it is not returning.

Johnson Ranch Animal Clinic Reviews
  • 5 star rating

    Excellent facility. The staff is very professional and caring for the animals and their owners. We will continue to use this vet and refer people to them!

    Bryan B.
    4/29/2020
  • We love these guys! My dogs and I have trusted everyone at Johnson Ranch Animal Clinic for many years now. Everyone there is ALWAYS compassionate... read more

    Just Chris
    4/22/2020
  • 5 star rating

    These folks are amazing. The first time I went there was when my little Lily (cat) was sick. Unfortunately, her little kidneys had failed and she passed away. Dr. Bowers,... read more

    Tim H.
    10/19/2019
  • 5 star rating

    I have taken my dog to JRAC, for 7 years. Everyone from the front office to the staff working behind the scenes exemplify care, compassion, and professional service.... read more

    Carol H.
    12/06/2019
  • 5 star rating

    We are here for the winter and our St Bernard has Arthritis and muscle atrophy. She has a lot of difficulty walking, which got worse over the weeks we... read more

    Nancy B.
    5/14/2020
  • Great service, compassionate, and priced better than most. Love the staff, they are amazing. We won't take our fur balls anywhere else going forward.

    Joe & Heather Hugill
    5/21/2020
  • 5 star rating

    We have been taking our dog there for years, and always feel confident that Dr. Bowers will give Ziggy the best care possible. She is knowledgeable and dedicated to her... read more

    Dorothy N.
    1/05/2017
  • Having just moved from Colorado where we had used the same veterinary clinic for many years to Arizona with our two Westies and our youngest one developed what appeared to... read more

    Gina Kessler
    4/22/2020
  • Everyone is always kind, helpful, and answers all of our questions. We recommend Johnson Ranch Animal Clinic all the time!

    Diane Tournis
    5/01/2020
  • I've taken my cat and senior dog here for about a year. So when it was time for our puppy to get a swollen eye checked out, this was the... read more

    Amanda Zapata
    4/22/2020
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  • P: (480) 987-4555
  • 270 East Hunt Hwy, Ste. #4
  • San Tan Valley, AZ 85143
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Sat - Sun Closed

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